For the remainder of the year we will be focusing on our geography topic which involves learning about continents and environments with a focus on South America, Africa and Australia.
The focus questions for this topic include:
- How does the environment support the lives of people and other living things?
- How do different views about the environment influence approaches to sustainability?
- How can people use places and environments more sustainably?
To begin with Mrs Baldwin asked us to list as many country names as we could. We were all able to list a few countries. This was a great starting point because we were able to share our knowledge and understanding that we already had about the world map.
Some of us were confused of the difference between a country and a city. We then discussed the differences between them.
Country: an area that has its own government
City: A large town
Next Mrs Baldwin asked us to name the 7 continents in the world. This was a challenge because again some of us were unsure of what a continent was. We then discussed the meaning
Continent: one of the large landmasses of the earth. There are seven continents which include Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
We were given a map of the world and we had to label where we thought all 7 continents were. Then we were given the same map again and using an atlas we labelled the continents correctly onto our new map and coloured them in. We all did a great job with trying our best with labeling them.
Check out some info on all 7 continents below
Using our Atlases we also looked at what else we could see on the world map. The first thing we noticed was the equator.
Equator is a special imaginary line that runs around the middle of Earth. The line of the equator is placed so that it’s equal distance from each pole!
A few of us knew that places located around the equator experience very hot temperatures. Mrs Baldwin explained to us why this happens. Check out the video below…
We also looked at the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The tropics are warm all year. This is because the tropics get more exposure to the sun. This means the tropics don’t experience the kind of seasons the rest of the Earth does. The tropical seasons are broken up into just two: the wet season and the dry season.
Next we looked at the Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle. These two areas are the coldest places on Earth. They have long cold winters and short cool summers.
Finally we discussed northern and southern hemispheres.
Northern hemisphere: half of the globe that is above or north of the equator.
Southern hemisphere: half of the equator below or south of the equator.
Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, however as we discovered most places are located in the northern hemisphere.
We then had to draw all of these lines and significant areas on our maps.
This as a great lessons because we were able to practise using atlases and reading maps and also share some of our prior knowledge about the world to the class.